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Canada: Agglomerations

Provinces and Territories

The population of the Canadian provinces and territories according to official estimates.

NameStatusPopulation
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2017-07-01
Population
Estimate
2021-07-01
 
AlbertaProvince2,829,8483,128,2623,514,1473,874,5484,241,1004,442,879
British ColumbiaProvince3,948,5834,100,1614,290,9844,566,7694,929,3845,214,805
ManitobaProvince1,136,1281,156,6361,189,4511,249,9751,334,7901,383,765
New BrunswickProvince752,511749,379745,433758,378766,621789,225
Newfoundland and LabradorProvince550,911519,483509,055526,345528,249520,553
Northwest TerritoriesTerritory41,62541,69443,37243,64844,89145,504
Nova ScotiaProvince932,402935,155935,115943,635950,108992,055
NunavutTerritory25,88428,82231,39534,67237,54639,403
OntarioProvince11,227,65112,093,29912,764,80613,390,63214,070,14114,826,276
Prince Edward IslandProvince136,095136,876137,711144,530150,402164,318
Québec [Quebec]Province7,274,6117,441,4987,692,9168,061,1018,302,0638,604,495
SaskatchewanProvince1,017,902996,8161,002,0861,083,7551,150,3311,179,844
YukonTerritory31,79730,33732,55436,23439,61042,986
CanadaCountry29,905,94831,358,41832,889,02534,714,22236,545,23638,246,108

Major Metropolitan Areas

 NamePopulation
Estimate
2021-07-01
1Toronto6,572,524
2Montréal4,342,213
3Vancouver2,773,148
4Calgary1,559,284
5Edmonton1,480,754
6Ottawa - Gatineau1,476,756
7Winnipeg852,778
8Québec836,837
9Hamilton812,528

Contents: Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations

The population of all Canadian metropolitan areas and census agglomerations according to official estimates.

The Details icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, country of birth, mother tongue).

Name StatusProvince(s)Population
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2017-07-01
Population
Estimate
2021-07-01
 
Abbotsford - MissionMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,868155,316166,354176,526193,390205,847
AlmaCensus AgglomerationQuébec......32,16333,26632,91133,103
ArnpriorCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,06216,08916,66218,185
Baie-ComeauCensus AgglomerationQuébec......29,22028,74927,54226,695
BarrieMetropolitan AreaOntario146,495161,642186,501194,450206,729221,576
BathurstCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......32,73531,95231,65031,808
Bay RobertsCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......10,60511,07011,33711,011
BellevilleMetropolitan AreaOntario......104,664104,718107,922113,729
BrandonCensus AgglomerationManitoba......52,02756,60760,86763,056
BrantfordMetropolitan AreaOntario123,674129,629136,502139,847145,652154,483
BrockvilleCensus AgglomerationOntario......40,74739,35239,68140,948
BrooksCensus AgglomerationAlberta......23,74224,99725,08224,854
CalgaryMetropolitan AreaAlberta868,6501,007,4691,155,5601,300,2921,458,3361,559,284
Campbell RiverCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......36,03836,99340,16342,870
CampbelltonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick / Québec......17,59217,12716,18015,803
CamroseCensus AgglomerationAlberta......16,70518,17619,08218,575
CanmoreCensus AgglomerationAlberta......12,61513,21414,86515,751
Cape Breton (Sydney)Census AgglomerationNova Scotia......106,827103,12299,63898,643
Carleton PlaceCensus AgglomerationOntario......28,77830,36333,39738,877
Centre Wellington (Fergus)Census AgglomerationOntario......26,99627,63929,50632,060
CharlottetownCensus AgglomerationPrince Edward Island......61,59168,18874,48583,063
Chatham-KentCensus AgglomerationOntario......111,170106,000105,259107,929
ChilliwackCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......88,69497,595108,962119,725
CobourgCensus AgglomerationOntario......18,78319,42320,02019,962
Cold Lake (Grand Centre)Census AgglomerationAlberta......12,93614,79615,04813,911
CollingwoodCensus AgglomerationOntario......18,20920,45622,66825,249
Corner BrookCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......31,34032,09832,36031,500
CornwallCensus AgglomerationOntario......60,34060,55961,44362,235
CourtenayCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......50,55153,05457,24260,973
CowansvilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......12,27212,86214,04715,553
CranbrookCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......25,08025,69827,30628,094
Dawson CreekCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......11,64312,19112,99813,715
Dolbeau-MistassiniCensus AgglomerationQuébec......15,96615,91515,51815,305
DrummondvilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......87,30893,06097,851102,504
DuncanCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......42,76043,94846,96148,951
EdmontonMetropolitan AreaAlberta900,471984,5551,104,3171,234,3071,390,1491,480,754
EdmundstonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......24,29524,00023,99623,804
Elliot LakeCensus AgglomerationOntario......11,76311,30111,14411,524
EstevanCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......12,45013,72813,84613,257
Fort St. JohnCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......26,56528,31529,80230,139
FrederictonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......93,391100,362106,034112,138
GanderCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......11,90713,14213,60613,523
GranbyCensus AgglomerationQuébec......76,54382,45086,52392,291
Grande PrairieCensus AgglomerationAlberta......52,37260,54865,29868,240
Grand Falls-WindsorCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......13,60514,06814,38414,338
Greater Sudbury (Grand Sudbury)Metropolitan AreaOntario168,582161,198167,308168,205169,578172,781
GuelphMetropolitan AreaOntario114,021131,172140,239147,971159,996169,674
HalifaxMetropolitan AreaNova Scotia355,526374,410386,402404,376421,712460,274
HamiltonMetropolitan AreaOntario643,286697,023721,376747,678777,572812,528
HawkesburyCensus AgglomerationOntario / Québec......12,48412,42612,39912,634
High RiverCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,45813,77714,13314,175
IngersollCensus AgglomerationOntario......12,20412,66513,36714,149
JolietteCensus AgglomerationQuébec......44,18847,84950,10053,241
KamloopsCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......97,468102,073110,509117,620
Kawartha Lakes (Lindsay)Census AgglomerationOntario......76,17775,51778,49282,401
KelownaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,314155,950170,995186,137208,476229,400
KenoraCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,60815,69915,85515,904
KentvilleCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......26,59427,01027,01528,788
KingstonMetropolitan AreaOntario148,855154,919158,849164,353169,487176,467
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo (Tri-Cities)Metropolitan AreaOntario400,687439,937492,486517,359553,526600,304
LachuteCensus AgglomerationQuébec......11,95512,73812,90513,888
LacombeCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,39112,57913,24112,879
LeamingtonCensus AgglomerationOntario......51,48050,63153,05853,284
LethbridgeMetropolitan AreaAlberta......101,924111,288122,403130,027
LloydminsterCensus AgglomerationAlberta / Saskatchewan......29,14233,25735,72736,186
LondonMetropolitan AreaOntario439,584458,586478,557491,868520,146556,397
MataneCensus AgglomerationQuébec......18,76318,45817,92317,483
Medicine HatCensus AgglomerationAlberta......72,90076,13978,57379,147
MidlandCensus AgglomerationOntario......36,53136,13238,04240,299
Miramichi (Chatham - Douglastown)Census AgglomerationNew Brunswick......29,05428,21627,96528,014
MonctonMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick119,352123,776132,060142,871150,438162,422
MontréalMetropolitan AreaQuébec3,423,5963,570,4983,820,6274,031,6554,193,2074,342,213
Moose JawCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......34,20835,55736,26735,349
NanaimoCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......96,089101,238111,163117,972
NelsonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,47318,33919,20920,119
New GlasgowCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......36,76536,30334,95835,193
Norfolk (Simcoe)Census AgglomerationOntario......64,61564,43467,01971,820
North BattlefordCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......18,35719,56720,09219,323
North BayCensus AgglomerationOntario......74,13474,08373,19074,426
OkotoksCensus AgglomerationAlberta......19,36326,62029,94331,291
OrilliaCensus AgglomerationOntario......31,37431,79332,57734,582
OshawaMetropolitan AreaOntario284,834315,099347,901372,288398,742434,736
Ottawa - Gatineau (National Capital Region)Metropolitan AreaOntario / Québec1,036,8361,126,3211,205,6321,303,5621,384,8971,476,756
Owen SoundCensus AgglomerationOntario......33,21532,66532,88734,269
ParksvilleCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......27,29328,12130,47131,537
PembrokeCensus AgglomerationOntario......24,24124,93523,89723,328
PentictonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......42,60743,22045,54047,506
PetawawaCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,70016,66017,99819,719
PeterboroughMetropolitan AreaOntario111,976116,736120,672122,458127,162131,608
Portage la PrairieCensus AgglomerationManitoba......13,03113,15813,57513,446
Port AlberniCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......25,87725,66326,25427,455
Port HopeCensus AgglomerationOntario......16,85216,56117,49417,773
Powell RiverCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,03816,86317,46017,819
Prince AlbertCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......43,07245,04446,11146,238
Prince GeorgeCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......86,69486,84291,99396,553
Prince RupertCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......13,65413,31213,32813,740
QuébecMetropolitan AreaQuébec689,763708,728738,487783,796810,125836,837
QuesnelCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......23,47423,96424,14924,234
Red DeerCensus AgglomerationAlberta......89,08596,878103,302105,415
ReginaMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan199,777196,908203,144225,232251,167263,659
RimouskiCensus AgglomerationQuébec......52,36054,64555,65856,639
Rivière-du-LoupCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,24429,16929,23729,893
Rouyn-NorandaCensus AgglomerationQuébec......40,38741,66942,84943,047
Saguenay (Chicoutimi - Jonquière)Metropolitan AreaQuébec161,188160,973158,111161,168161,694163,583
Sainte-MarieCensus AgglomerationQuébec......11,96313,13113,74013,482
Saint-GeorgesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......30,17831,77832,85133,730
Saint-HyacintheCensus AgglomerationQuébec......55,87258,06660,12661,849
Saint JohnMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick128,162125,856126,700129,755129,483132,499
Salaberry-de-ValleyfieldCensus AgglomerationQuébec......40,02040,34141,29743,791
Salmon ArmCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,06117,81518,87219,728
SarniaCensus AgglomerationOntario......99,57799,54998,595100,483
SaskatoonMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan230,357232,779246,052280,765315,702340,086
Sault Ste. MarieCensus AgglomerationOntario......82,87482,21780,20480,268
Sept-ÎlesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,14328,99328,32528,243
ShawiniganCensus AgglomerationQuébec......56,12854,67154,26555,975
SherbrookeMetropolitan AreaQuébec174,709185,838194,838206,677215,386227,403
Sorel-TracyCensus AgglomerationQuébec......41,30741,69841,62942,576
SquamishCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......16,10218,41021,52824,161
St. Catharines - NiagaraMetropolitan AreaOntario381,539394,772402,845404,504422,407439,777
SteinbachCensus AgglomerationManitoba......11,95214,84316,25615,940
St. John'sMetropolitan AreaNewfoundland and Labrador184,286177,681186,173204,537212,144214,674
StratfordCensus AgglomerationOntario......31,66231,84532,77134,219
StrathmoreCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,26013,01514,05514,322
SummersideCensus AgglomerationPrince Edward Island......16,47317,00917,10318,470
Swift CurrentCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......17,00618,21519,27419,246
Sylvan LakeCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,72114,02915,64815,857
TerraceCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......15,84715,97416,40417,472
Thetford MinesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,94728,93328,64729,113
ThompsonCensus AgglomerationManitoba......13,82313,48414,46213,907
Thunder BayMetropolitan AreaOntario133,371126,800125,977125,031125,535125,247
TillsonburgCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,34116,11716,64717,575
TimminsCensus AgglomerationOntario......44,51444,32342,65942,183
Toronto (Greater Toronto Area)Metropolitan AreaOntario4,493,0655,004,0115,415,7655,852,8416,217,3286,572,524
Trois-RivièresMetropolitan AreaQuébec142,397143,138147,126153,902158,181164,973
TruroCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......46,29746,92946,49747,558
Val-d'OrCensus AgglomerationQuébec......32,90033,90334,09534,608
VancouverMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia1,957,7662,098,1702,216,9482,418,9382,616,9042,773,148
VernonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......57,63760,12864,51167,800
VictoriaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia318,159328,301342,052358,426390,665415,573
VictoriavilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......44,26447,38349,66251,102
Wasaga BeachCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,97218,65122,05424,554
WetaskiwinCensus AgglomerationAlberta......12,25213,09513,12212,804
WeyburnCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......9,76710,92211,26111,232
WhitehorseCensus AgglomerationYukon......24,62428,05531,20334,478
Williams LakeCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......19,38418,85819,00919,503
WindsorMetropolitan AreaOntario299,666326,624335,457329,971340,999351,116
WinklerCensus AgglomerationManitoba......23,95528,21731,89835,034
WinnipegMetropolitan AreaManitoba683,782700,054719,269757,053817,603852,778
Wood Buffalo (Fort McMurray)Census AgglomerationAlberta......58,97474,25973,49375,910
WoodstockCensus AgglomerationOntario......37,35139,97243,09348,213
YellowknifeCensus AgglomerationNorthwest Territories......19,67820,18921,40722,664
YorktonCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......17,91318,94219,55319,289

Source: Statistics Canada (web).

Explanation: Boundaries of metropolitan areas and census agglomerations according to the definition of 2016. In contrast to census figures, population estimates are adjusted for underenumeration.