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Canada: Metropolitan Areas

Provinces and Territories

The population of the Canadian provinces and territories according to official estimates.

NameStatusPopulation
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2017-07-01
 
AlbertaProvince2,829,8483,128,2623,514,0313,888,6324,286,134
British ColumbiaProvince3,948,5834,100,1614,290,9884,542,5084,817,160
ManitobaProvince1,136,1281,156,6361,189,3661,250,4991,338,109
New BrunswickProvince752,511749,379745,407756,816759,655
Newfoundland and LabradorProvince550,911519,483509,039526,874528,817
Northwest TerritoriesTerritory41,62541,69443,37443,63944,520
Nova ScotiaProvince932,402935,155935,071944,835953,869
NunavutTerritory25,88428,82231,39534,72937,996
OntarioProvince11,227,65112,093,29912,764,19513,410,08214,193,384
Prince Edward IslandProvince136,095136,876137,721145,258152,021
Québec [Quebec]Province7,274,6117,441,4987,692,7368,084,7548,394,034
SaskatchewanProvince1,017,902996,8161,002,0481,087,3361,163,925
YukonTerritory31,79730,33732,55736,16638,459
CanadaCountry29,905,94831,358,41832,887,92834,752,12836,708,083

Major Metropolitan Areas

 NamePopulation
Estimate
2017-07-01
1Toronto6,346,088
2Montréal4,138,254
3Vancouver2,571,262
4Calgary1,488,841
5Edmonton1,411,945
6Ottawa - Gatineau1,377,016
7Winnipeg825,713
8Québec812,205
9Hamilton787,195

Contents: Metropolitan Areas

The population of all Canadian metropolitan areas according to official estimates.

Name StatusProvince(s)Population
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2017-07-01
 
Abbotsford - MissionMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,868155,316165,676176,659190,714
BarrieMetropolitan AreaOntario146,495161,642186,064195,402209,081
BrantfordMetropolitan AreaOntario123,674129,629136,330140,426147,489
CalgaryMetropolitan AreaAlberta868,6501,007,4691,153,7691,307,5801,488,841
EdmontonMetropolitan AreaAlberta900,471984,5551,104,5571,241,8051,411,945
Greater Sudbury (Grand Sudbury)Metropolitan AreaOntario168,582161,198164,808165,499165,270
GuelphMetropolitan AreaOntario114,021131,172140,035148,036159,988
HalifaxMetropolitan AreaNova Scotia355,526374,410386,498406,757431,701
HamiltonMetropolitan AreaOntario643,286697,023722,102750,721787,195
KelownaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,314155,950170,987185,639202,208
KingstonMetropolitan AreaOntario148,855154,919158,664165,957173,862
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo (Tri-Cities)Metropolitan AreaOntario400,687439,937474,219498,879527,765
LondonMetropolitan AreaOntario439,584458,586478,492494,452521,756
MonctonMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick119,352123,776131,123142,758152,169
MontréalMetropolitan AreaQuébec3,423,5963,570,4983,714,8463,937,4434,138,254
OshawaMetropolitan AreaOntario284,834315,099348,280373,778402,399
Ottawa - Gatineau (National Capital Region)Metropolitan AreaOntario / Québec1,036,8361,126,3211,188,0731,288,5621,377,016
PeterboroughMetropolitan AreaOntario111,976116,736120,560122,732126,291
QuébecMetropolitan AreaQuébec689,763708,728736,993785,227812,205
ReginaMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan199,777196,908202,481224,990253,220
Saguenay (Chicoutimi - Jonquière)Metropolitan AreaQuébec161,188160,973157,213159,982159,258
Saint JohnMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick128,162125,856125,550128,495128,541
SaskatoonMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan230,357232,779244,193281,421323,809
SherbrookeMetropolitan AreaQuébec174,709185,838195,028207,492218,633
St. Catharines - NiagaraMetropolitan AreaOntario381,539394,772402,581404,042416,539
St. John'sMetropolitan AreaNewfoundland and Labrador184,286177,681186,067205,899219,207
Thunder BayMetropolitan AreaOntario133,371126,800126,024125,126124,164
Toronto (Greater Toronto Area)Metropolitan AreaOntario4,493,0655,004,0115,418,2075,868,8976,346,088
Trois-RivièresMetropolitan AreaQuébec142,397143,138147,023154,396158,942
VancouverMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia1,957,7662,098,1702,218,1342,408,0982,571,262
VictoriaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia318,159328,301341,571355,150377,414
WindsorMetropolitan AreaOntario299,666326,624333,507330,868344,747
WinnipegMetropolitan AreaManitoba683,782700,054719,065759,620825,713

Source: Statistics Canada (web).

Explanation: Boundaries of metropolitan areas according to the definition of 2011. In contrast to census figures, the tabulated population estimates are adjusted for underenumeration. The 2017 figures are based on the 2011 census; population estimates based on the 2016 census will be available in 2019.