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Canada: Agglomerations

Provinces and Territories

The population of the Canadian provinces and territories according to official estimates.

NameStatusPopulation
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2017-07-01
Population
Estimate
2020-07-01
 
AlbertaProvince2,829,8483,128,2623,514,1473,874,5484,241,1004,421,876
British ColumbiaProvince3,948,5834,100,1614,290,9844,566,7694,929,3845,147,712
ManitobaProvince1,136,1281,156,6361,189,4511,249,9751,334,7901,379,263
New BrunswickProvince752,511749,379745,433758,378766,621781,476
Newfoundland and LabradorProvince550,911519,483509,055526,345528,249522,103
Northwest TerritoriesTerritory41,62541,69443,37243,64844,89145,161
Nova ScotiaProvince932,402935,155935,115943,635950,108979,351
NunavutTerritory25,88428,82231,39534,67237,54639,353
OntarioProvince11,227,65112,093,29912,764,80613,390,63214,070,14114,734,014
Prince Edward IslandProvince136,095136,876137,711144,530150,402159,625
Québec [Quebec]Province7,274,6117,441,4987,692,9168,061,1018,302,0638,574,571
SaskatchewanProvince1,017,902996,8161,002,0861,083,7551,150,3311,178,681
YukonTerritory31,79730,33732,55436,23439,66942,052
CanadaCountry29,905,94831,358,41832,889,02534,714,22236,545,29538,005,238

Major Metropolitan Areas

 NamePopulation
Estimate
2020-07-01
1Toronto6,555,205
2Montréal4,364,189
3Vancouver2,737,698
4Calgary1,543,283
5Edmonton1,468,926
6Ottawa - Gatineau1,461,494
7Winnipeg850,056
8Québec832,328
9Hamilton804,691

Contents: Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations

The population of all Canadian metropolitan areas and census agglomerations according to official estimates.

The Details icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, country of birth, mother tongue).

Name StatusProvince(s)Population
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2017-07-01
Population
Estimate
2020-07-01
 
Abbotsford - MissionMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,868155,316166,354176,526193,390204,265
AlmaCensus AgglomerationQuébec......32,16333,26632,91133,014
ArnpriorCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,06216,08916,66217,588
Baie-ComeauCensus AgglomerationQuébec......29,22028,74927,54226,776
BarrieMetropolitan AreaOntario146,495161,642186,501194,450206,729218,188
BathurstCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......32,73531,95231,65031,691
Bay RobertsCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......10,60511,07011,33711,182
BellevilleMetropolitan AreaOntario......104,664104,718107,922112,980
BrandonCensus AgglomerationManitoba......52,02756,60760,86763,188
BrantfordMetropolitan AreaOntario123,674129,629136,502139,847145,652151,566
BrockvilleCensus AgglomerationOntario......40,74739,35239,68140,912
BrooksCensus AgglomerationAlberta......23,74224,99725,08225,246
CalgaryMetropolitan AreaAlberta868,6501,007,4691,155,5601,300,2921,458,3361,543,283
Campbell RiverCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......36,03836,99340,16342,166
CampbelltonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick / Québec......17,59217,12716,18015,901
CamroseCensus AgglomerationAlberta......16,70518,17619,08218,980
CanmoreCensus AgglomerationAlberta......12,61513,21414,86515,458
Cape Breton (Sydney)Census AgglomerationNova Scotia......106,827103,12299,638100,711
Carleton PlaceCensus AgglomerationOntario......28,77830,36333,39736,916
Centre Wellington (Fergus)Census AgglomerationOntario......26,99627,63929,50631,092
CharlottetownCensus AgglomerationPrince Edward Island......61,59168,18874,48580,347
Chatham-KentCensus AgglomerationOntario......111,170106,000105,259106,620
ChilliwackCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......88,69497,595108,962116,626
CobourgCensus AgglomerationOntario......18,78319,42320,02020,152
Cold Lake (Grand Centre)Census AgglomerationAlberta......12,93614,79615,04814,397
CollingwoodCensus AgglomerationOntario......18,20920,45622,66824,539
Corner BrookCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......31,34032,09832,36031,936
CornwallCensus AgglomerationOntario......60,34060,55961,44362,225
CourtenayCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......50,55153,05457,24260,120
CowansvilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......12,27212,86214,04715,017
CranbrookCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......25,08025,69827,30627,938
Dawson CreekCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......11,64312,19112,99813,509
Dolbeau-MistassiniCensus AgglomerationQuébec......15,96615,91515,51815,427
DrummondvilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......87,30893,06097,851100,821
DuncanCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......42,76043,94846,96148,495
EdmontonMetropolitan AreaAlberta900,471984,5551,104,3171,234,3071,390,1491,468,926
EdmundstonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......24,29524,00023,99623,778
Elliot LakeCensus AgglomerationOntario......11,76311,30111,14411,423
EstevanCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......12,45013,72813,84613,603
Fort St. JohnCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......26,56528,31529,80229,885
FrederictonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......93,391100,362106,034111,024
GanderCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......11,90713,14213,60613,448
GranbyCensus AgglomerationQuébec......76,54382,45086,52390,459
Grande PrairieCensus AgglomerationAlberta......52,37260,54865,29869,025
Grand Falls-WindsorCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......13,60514,06814,38414,250
Greater Sudbury (Grand Sudbury)Metropolitan AreaOntario168,582161,198167,308168,205169,578172,462
GuelphMetropolitan AreaOntario114,021131,172140,239147,971159,996167,509
HalifaxMetropolitan AreaNova Scotia355,526374,410386,402404,376421,713448,544
HamiltonMetropolitan AreaOntario643,286697,023721,376747,678777,572804,691
HawkesburyCensus AgglomerationOntario / Québec......12,48412,42612,39912,431
High RiverCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,45813,77714,13314,178
IngersollCensus AgglomerationOntario......12,20412,66513,36714,029
JolietteCensus AgglomerationQuébec......44,18847,84950,10052,261
KamloopsCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......97,468102,073110,509116,896
Kawartha Lakes (Lindsay)Census AgglomerationOntario......76,17775,51778,49281,042
KelownaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,314155,950170,995186,137208,476222,748
KenoraCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,60815,69915,85515,772
KentvilleCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......26,59427,01027,01528,196
KingstonMetropolitan AreaOntario148,855154,919158,849164,353169,487176,184
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo (Tri-Cities)Metropolitan AreaOntario400,687439,937492,486517,359553,526593,882
LachuteCensus AgglomerationQuébec......11,95512,73812,90513,472
LacombeCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,39112,57913,24113,364
LeamingtonCensus AgglomerationOntario......51,48050,63153,05852,649
LethbridgeMetropolitan AreaAlberta......101,924111,288122,403128,851
LloydminsterCensus AgglomerationAlberta / Saskatchewan......29,14233,25735,72736,473
LondonMetropolitan AreaOntario439,584458,586478,557491,868520,146551,066
MataneCensus AgglomerationQuébec......18,76318,45817,92317,626
Medicine HatCensus AgglomerationAlberta......72,90076,13978,57379,450
MidlandCensus AgglomerationOntario......36,53136,13238,04239,971
Miramichi (Chatham - Douglastown)Census AgglomerationNew Brunswick......29,05428,21627,96527,997
MonctonMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick119,352123,776132,060142,871150,438158,695
MontréalMetropolitan AreaQuébec3,423,5963,570,4983,820,6274,031,6554,193,2074,364,189
Moose JawCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......34,20835,55736,26735,732
NanaimoCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......96,089101,238111,163117,144
NelsonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,47318,33919,20919,709
New GlasgowCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......36,76536,30334,95834,897
Norfolk (Simcoe)Census AgglomerationOntario......64,61564,43467,01970,489
North BattlefordCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......18,35719,56720,09219,457
North BayCensus AgglomerationOntario......74,13474,08373,19073,749
OkotoksCensus AgglomerationAlberta......19,36326,62029,94331,118
OrilliaCensus AgglomerationOntario......31,37431,79332,57734,002
OshawaMetropolitan AreaOntario284,834315,099347,901372,288398,742423,036
Ottawa - Gatineau (National Capital Region)Metropolitan AreaOntario / Québec1,036,8361,126,3211,205,6321,303,5621,384,8971,461,494
Owen SoundCensus AgglomerationOntario......33,21532,66532,88734,044
ParksvilleCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......27,29328,12130,47131,144
PembrokeCensus AgglomerationOntario......24,24124,93523,89723,421
PentictonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......42,60743,22045,54046,885
PetawawaCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,70016,66017,99819,074
PeterboroughMetropolitan AreaOntario111,976116,736120,672122,458127,162131,939
Portage la PrairieCensus AgglomerationManitoba......13,03113,15813,57513,495
Port AlberniCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......25,87725,66326,25427,060
Port HopeCensus AgglomerationOntario......16,85216,56117,49417,731
Powell RiverCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,03816,86317,46017,628
Prince AlbertCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......43,07245,04446,11146,609
Prince GeorgeCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......86,69486,84291,99396,015
Prince RupertCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......13,65413,31213,32813,606
QuébecMetropolitan AreaQuébec689,763708,728738,487783,796810,125832,328
QuesnelCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......23,47423,96424,14924,486
Red DeerCensus AgglomerationAlberta......89,08596,878103,302105,767
ReginaMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan199,777196,908203,144225,232251,167263,184
RimouskiCensus AgglomerationQuébec......52,36054,64555,65856,394
Rivière-du-LoupCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,24429,16929,23729,737
Rouyn-NorandaCensus AgglomerationQuébec......40,38741,66942,84943,113
Saguenay (Chicoutimi - Jonquière)Metropolitan AreaQuébec161,188160,973158,111161,168161,694163,354
Sainte-MarieCensus AgglomerationQuébec......11,96313,13113,74013,265
Saint-GeorgesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......30,17831,77832,85133,678
Saint-HyacintheCensus AgglomerationQuébec......55,87258,06660,12661,424
Saint JohnMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick128,162125,856126,700129,755129,483131,772
Salaberry-de-ValleyfieldCensus AgglomerationQuébec......40,02040,34141,29742,854
Salmon ArmCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,06117,81518,87219,699
SarniaCensus AgglomerationOntario......99,57799,54998,595100,985
SaskatoonMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan230,357232,779246,052280,765315,702336,614
Sault Ste. MarieCensus AgglomerationOntario......82,87482,21780,20481,238
Sept-ÎlesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,14328,99328,32528,208
ShawiniganCensus AgglomerationQuébec......56,12854,67154,26554,940
SherbrookeMetropolitan AreaQuébec174,709185,838194,838206,677215,386224,557
Sorel-TracyCensus AgglomerationQuébec......41,30741,69841,62942,112
SquamishCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......16,10218,41021,52823,335
St. Catharines - NiagaraMetropolitan AreaOntario381,539394,772402,845404,504422,407437,114
SteinbachCensus AgglomerationManitoba......11,95214,84316,25615,809
St. John'sMetropolitan AreaNewfoundland and Labrador184,286177,681186,173204,537212,144214,014
StratfordCensus AgglomerationOntario......31,66231,84532,77133,868
StrathmoreCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,26013,01514,05514,279
SummersideCensus AgglomerationPrince Edward Island......16,47317,00917,10318,042
Swift CurrentCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......17,00618,21519,27419,386
Sylvan LakeCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,72114,02915,64815,990
TerraceCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......15,84715,97416,40417,267
Thetford MinesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,94728,93328,64728,878
ThompsonCensus AgglomerationManitoba......13,82313,48414,46214,092
Thunder BayMetropolitan AreaOntario133,371126,800125,977125,031125,535126,861
TillsonburgCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,34116,11716,64717,660
TimminsCensus AgglomerationOntario......44,51444,32342,65942,948
Toronto (Greater Toronto Area)Metropolitan AreaOntario4,493,0655,004,0115,415,7655,852,8416,217,3286,555,205
Trois-RivièresMetropolitan AreaQuébec142,397143,138147,126153,902158,181163,287
TruroCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......46,29746,92946,49747,031
Val-d'OrCensus AgglomerationQuébec......32,90033,90334,09534,513
VancouverMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia1,957,7662,098,1702,216,9482,418,9382,616,9082,737,698
VernonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......57,63760,12864,51066,966
VictoriaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia318,159328,301342,052358,426390,666408,883
VictoriavilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......44,26447,38349,66250,779
Wasaga BeachCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,97218,65122,05423,475
WetaskiwinCensus AgglomerationAlberta......12,25213,09513,12212,977
WeyburnCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......9,76710,92211,26111,145
WhitehorseCensus AgglomerationYukon......24,62428,05531,24833,480
Williams LakeCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......19,38418,85819,00919,391
WindsorMetropolitan AreaOntario299,666326,624335,457329,971340,999356,880
WinklerCensus AgglomerationManitoba......23,95528,21731,89834,325
WinnipegMetropolitan AreaManitoba683,782700,054719,269757,053817,603850,056
Wood Buffalo (Fort McMurray)Census AgglomerationAlberta......58,97474,25973,49376,263
WoodstockCensus AgglomerationOntario......37,35139,97243,09346,464
YellowknifeCensus AgglomerationNorthwest Territories......19,67820,18921,40722,290
YorktonCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......17,91318,94219,55319,489

Source: Statistics Canada (web).

Explanation: Boundaries of metropolitan areas and census agglomerations according to the definition of 2016. In contrast to census figures, population estimates are adjusted for underenumeration.